Learn to Skate Progression Charts

Snowplow Sam – Discover, Learn and Play

The Snowplow Sam levels are introductory classes divided into four progressive levels allowing children with no prior skating experience to build confidence while learning the basic skills of skating. These classes are designed to help children six and younger develop the ABCs of movement – Agility, Balance, Coordination and speed. The ABCs are essential for developing fundamental movement skills and physical literacy. All classes will be taught in a safe and positive environment, incorporating fun and games making class time an enjoyable experience for all.

Off-ice orientation prior to the first skating class:

  • Equipment check – proper fit and lacing of skates, appropriate attire, and safety helmets
  • Practice falling and recovery, marching in place, dips and one-foot balances

Snowplow Sam 1

  • Sit and stand up with skates on – off-ice
  • Sit and stand up – on-ice
  • March in place
  • March forward (8-10 steps)
  • March, then glide on two feet
  • Dip in place

Snowplow Sam 2

  • Dip while moving
  • Backward walking, toes turned inward, shifting weight (4-6 steps)
  • Backward wiggles (6 in a row)
  • Forward swizzles (2-3 in a row)
  • Beginning snowplow stop motion – in place or holding onto barrier
  • Two-foot hop, in place (optional)

Snowplow Sam 3

  • Forward skating (8-10 strides)
  • Forward one-foot glide, two times skater’s height (R and L)
  • Forward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
  • Backward swizzles (2-3 in a row)
  • Moving forward snowplow stop (two-foot)
  • Curves

Based on the age and ability of the child after completion of Snowplow Sam 3, they can successfully advance to Basic 2 or Hockey 2, or progress to Snowplow Sam 4.

Snowplow Sam 4

  • Forward skating
  • Backward two-foot glide, length of skater’s height
  • Backward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
  • Rocking horse – one forward, one backward swizzle, repeat twice
  • Two-foot turns from forward to backward, in place (both directions)
  • Two-foot hop, in place

Basic Skills – FUNdamentals

 

Basic Skills teaches the FUNdamentals of ice skating and provides the best foundation for figure skating, hockey, and speedskating. Six progressive levels introduce forward and backward skating, stops, edges, crossovers, and turns. Upon completion of the Basic Skills 1-6 levels, skaters will be able to confidently advance to more specialized areas of skating. All classes will be well-structured with the focus on  proper skill development taught in a positive, FUN, and social environment. Skaters will progress at their own rate and advance after skill mastery is demonstrated.

Off-ice orientation:

  • Equipment check: proper fit and lacing of skates, appropriate attire, safety helmets
  • Practice falling and recovery, marching in place, dips and one-foot balances in skates

Discover, Learn and Play – Basic 1 and 2:

These introductory levels allow new skaters with no prior skating experience to build confidence while learning to skate.

Basic 1

  • Sit on ice and stand up
  • March forward across the ice
  • Forward two-foot glide
  • Dip
  • Forward swizzles — 6–8 in a row
  • Backward wiggles — 6–8 in a row
  • Beginning snowplow stop on two feet or one foot
  • Bonus skill: Two-foot hop in place

Basic 2

  • Scooter pushes — R and L
  • Forward one-foot glides — R and L
  • Backward two-foot glide — Glide the length of skater’s height
  • Rocking Horse (one forward swizzle, one backward swizzle) — Repeat twice
  • Backward swizzles — 6–8 in a row
  • Two-foot turns from forward to backward in place — clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Moving snowplow stop
  • Bonus skill: Curves

FUNdamentals – Basic 3–6:

These levels develop all of the fundamental skating skills on the ice. Focus is on learning the ABCs of basic athleticism: agility, balance,
coordination and speed. Upon completion of these levels, skaters will be able to confidently advance to more specialized areas of skating.

Basic 3

  • Beginning forward stroking showing correct use of blade
  • Forward half swizzle pumps on a circle — 6–8 consecutive clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Moving forward to backward twofoot turns on a circle — clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Beginning backward one-foot glides — focus on balance
  • Backward snowplow stop — R and L
  • Forward slalom
  • Bonus skill: Forward pivots – clockwise and counterclockwise

Basic 4

  • Forward outside edge on a circle — R and L
  • Forward inside edge on a circle — R and L
  • Forward crossovers — clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Backward half swizzle pumps on a circle — clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Backward one-foot glides — R and L
  • Beginning two-foot spin — Up to two revolutions
  • Bonus skill: Forward lunges — both legs

Basic 5

  • Backward outside edge on a circle — R and L
  • Backward inside edge on a circle — R and L
  • Backward crossovers — clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Forward outside three-turn — R and L
  • Advanced two-foot spin — 4–6
  • Hockey stop — both directions
  • Bonus skill: Side toe hop — R and L

Basic 6

  • Forward skating (8-10 strides)
  • Forward one-foot glide, two times skater’s height (R and L)
  • Forward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
  • Backward swizzles (2-3 in a row)
  • Moving forward snowplow stop (two-foot)
  • Curves

Adult 1-6

The Adult curriculum is designed for both beginning and experienced adult skaters who wish to improve their skating skills. Participation in the program will help promote physical fitness and improve balance and coordination while teaching proper skating techniques. This is an exciting program for people who look to skating as an enjoyable part of a fit and healthy lifestyle.

Divided into six levels from basic skating to more advanced skills, adult skaters will progress at an individual rate while being challenged and motivated. Based on prior skating experience, adults may choose to begin at the level that best
matches their skill base.

 

Off-ice orientation:

  • Equipment check: proper fit and lacing of skates, appropriate attire, safety concerns
  • Practice falling and recovery, walking in place, knee bends and one-foot balances in skates

Upon completion of the Adult 1-6 curriculum, adult skaters should feel confident with all fundamental skating skills and may choose to progress to more specialized areas of skating such as free skating, ice dancing, adult hockey leagues or synchronized skating.

 

Adult 1

  • Falling and recovery on ice
  • Forward marching
  • Forward two-foot glide
  • Forward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
  • One forward swizzle/one backward swizzle (rocking horse)
  • Dip
  • Forward snowplow stop (one or two feet)

Adult 2

  • Forward skating across the width of the ice
  • Forward one-foot glides (R and L)
  • Forward slalom
  • Backward wiggles
  • Backward swizzles (4-6 in a row)
  • Two-foot turns in place

Adult 3

  • Forward stroking with proper blade use
    (begin with repetitive one-foot pushes)
  • Forward half-swizzle pumps on the circle,
    clockwise and counterclockwise (6-8 in a
    row)
  • Moving forward to backward and
    backward to forward two-foot turn on a
    circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Backward skating into a long two-foot
    glide
  • Forward chasses on a circle, clockwise and
    counterclockwise
  • Backward snowplow stop (R and L)

Adult 4

  • Forward outside edge on a circle (R and L)
  • Forward inside edge on a circle (R and L)
  • Forward crossovers, clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Backward one-foot glides (R and L)
  • Backward half-swizzle pumps on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
  • Hockey stop, both directions

Adult 5

  • Backward outside edge on circle (R and L)
  • Backward inside edge on a circle (R and L)
  • Backward crossovers, clockwise and
    counterclockwise
  • Forward outside three-turn (R and L)
  • Forward swing rolls to a count of six
  • Beginning two-foot spin

Adult 6

  • Forward stroking with crossover end
    patterns
  • Backward stroking with crossover end
    patterns
  • Forward inside three-turn (R and L)
  • Beginning power pull (R and L)
  • T-stop (R or L)
  • Lunge
  • Two-foot spin into one-foot spin (USp)

Cub Hockey Program

 

The program is designed to develop the necessary skills required to play hockey successfully: skating, stick handling, passing/receiving and shooting. Levels 1-5 represent a technical progression in which one level will provide the building blocks for the mastery of skills needed at the next level.

 

Cub Hockey 1

  • Standing on edges and flats, penguin stand.
  • Forward Swizzles (start from penguin use inside edges keep body still)
  • Two Foot Glide (stationary, swizzles to two foot glide, still body, body positioning)
  • Snowplow Stop(stationary, then swizzles to snowplow, still body, body positioning)
  • Scooter Pushes(emphasize gliding foot all weight on, 45-90, still body, body positioning)
  • One Foot Glide(body line show weight and turning errors, scooter push to glide, still body, body position)
  • Forward Stride (start alternating scooter pushes, away together push, 1 foot to 2 foot glide, repeat with other foot, blend together until stride is made bring in snowplow)
  • Backwards swizzles (same as forward)
  • C-Cuts ( one side at a time , body positioning, still body heel snap, gliding foot straight, inside edge, begin alternating when competent on each side)
  • Backward C-Cuts same as above
  • Crossover Walk(body positioning, leaning onto outside edges)

Cub Hockey 2

  • Stance (body and stick position)
  • Power stride (scooter push with coil, release, follow through, return stress using strong inside edge for push, maintaining body position through weight transfer, extending the striding leg with toe flick(snap), low return)
  • Forward Stride (incorporate power stride and stick)
  • One Foot Snowplow 9start with on foot glide with stopping foot directly in front of gliding foot add body turn after competent
  • Backwards C-Cut. (isolate each side and work on striding leg toe snap , coil, release full extension, full recovery, body position)
  • Backwards One Foot Glide (isolate backwards c cut to one foot glide: body position
  • Backward Stride (start as alternating c cuts full extension toe snaps, body position, one hand on stick free hand up at the ready
  • Forward C-Cuts in circle (1st step to three step system to crossovers, full extension, heel snap body position)
  • Inside and outside edges
  • Cross Foot Glide (around circle knees bent, body position upper body square hip straight)
  • Cross foot push (start with cross foot glide, knees bent push with back foot body position)
  • Combine last three for crossovers
  • Control turns (inside foot in front crossover out of the turn)
  • Stationary Stickhandle (wrist roll, head up body positioning)
  • Forward and Backward moving stick handling (start with push/pull then coordinate with stride)

Cub Hockey 3

  • Forward and backward strides (continue working for power)
  • Forward Control stops (using both inside edges, stance)
  • Backward V-Stop (body positioning, knee bend stability)
  • Backwards T-Stop (same as above)
  • Forward inside/outside edges (body position, knee bend, trailing foot,)
  • Backwards C-Cuts on circle
  • C-Cuts, Alternating Angling (Ex: 2 to right 3 to left)
  • Stick Handling Wide Lateral (wrist roll, weight transfer, head up)
  • Forward moving stick handling with control stops
  • Backward moving stick handling with V-stop and T-stop
  • Control Turns with pucks Leading with stick puck, the protecting
  • Passing/Receiving Forehand Stationary

Cub Hockey 4

  • Forward and Backward Strides (continue working on power)
  • Forward starts (3 step running start on toes, emphasize use of inside edges thrusting all of weight through push, full extension, leaning far forward, leaping out instead of up, getting into power strides after 3 running steps)
  • Backward Starts (C-Cut)
  • Backward inside and outside edges
  • Mohawks (body positioning, knee bend, accelerating out)
  • Stick Handling Front to Back, Diagonal (stationary and moving, incorporating dekeing)
  • Forward Crossovers with Puck
  • Dekes (with partner, relate all options encourage originality)
  • Passing/Receiving: Backhand
  • Passing Receiving Moving (lead teammate)
  • Shooting wrist and backhand
  • Receive pass and wrist shot in one motion

Cub Hockey 5

  • Forward and Backward Stride (continue working on power, review forward starts, add pucks)
  • S-Curves (from board to board on one foot, accelerate, edge control forward and backward)
  • Power Crossovers
  • Face the Clock Crossovers (accelerate on turns and add pucks when mastered)
  • Windmills (edge Control)
  • Defensive T-pushes
  • Bulling around defender (skate shoulder to shoulder, use control turn/c-cut to crossover to accelerate in front of defender, add pucks when mastered)
  • Power Turns and Escapes (360 Control Turns- accelerate out with crossovers, add pucks when mastered)
  • Stick handling: Feet (stationary and moving)
  • Passing (flip and saucer) and receiving passes (Skates and hand)
  • Shooting (snap flip)
  • Escapes (Add Variation)
  • Handling puck with skates